While these enterprising women enjoyed success, they were not necessarily accepted in the business and professional worlds. Jessie Prior and her husband operated two seed houses; he was already a member of the exclusively-male American Seed Testing Association when she applied for membership in 1903. The other twenty applicants (male) from around the country were admitted, while her application was referred back to the committee specifically because she was a woman. That said, Emma White played an active role in the Minnesota State Horticultural Society. Perhaps that is reflective of Minnesota’s progressiveness compared to a national association of the same era.